λέγω

λέγω =⟩ λέχω (A),
λέγω (A),
A lay, [tense] pres. erroneously inferred from λέξομαι, ἔλεκτο, etc.; v. λέχομαι.
------------------------------------
λέγω (B),
A pick up, etc.: tenses for signf. 1 and 11, [tense] fut.

λέξω Od.24.224

: [tense] aor.

ἔλεξα A.Pers.292

:—[voice] Med., [tense] fut. in pass. sense

λέξομαι E. Alc.322

: [tense] aor.

ἐλεξάμην Il.21.27

(trans.); [dialect] Ep.

ἐλέγμην Od.9.335

;

λέκτο 4.451

:—[voice] Pass., [tense] aor.

ἐλέχθην Il.3.188

: also post-Hom. in these senses, but only in compos., esp. with ἀπο-, ἐκ-, κατα-, συν-; post-Hom. [tense] pf. εἴλοχα (κατ-, συν-), [voice] Pass. εἴλεγμαι, in these senses rarely λέλεγμαι (v. the compds.); also [tense] fut. λεγήσομαι (συλ-): [tense] aor. 2 ἐλέγην (κατ-, συν-):—gather, pick up,

ὀστέα . . λέγωμεν Il.23.239

, cf. Od.24. 72, Pi.P.8.53; αἱμασιάς τε λέγων picking out stones for building walls, Od.18.359 (ubi v. Sch., cf.

λογάς 2

), cf. 24.224:—[voice] Med., gather for oneself,

ἐπὶ δὲ ξύλα πολλὰ λέγεσθε Il.8.507

;

ὀστέα λευκὰ λέγοντο 24.793

;

φάρμακα λέξασθαι A.R.3.807

.
2 [voice] Med., choose for oneself, pick out,

λέξαιτο . . ἄνδρας ἀρίστους Od.24.108

;

κούρους Il.21.27

:—[voice] Pass., to be chosen,

εἰ . . λεγοίμεθα πάντες ἄριστοι 13.276

.
II count, tell, ἐν δ' ἡμέας λέγε κήτεσιν he counted us among the seals, Od.4.452; and in [tense] aor. [voice] Med., Il.2.125; ἐγὼ πέμπτος μετὰ τοῖσιν ἐλέγμην I reckoned myself . . , Od.9.335; λέκτο δ' ἀριθμόν he told him over the number, 4.451:—[voice] Pass., μετὰ τοῖσιν ἐλέχθην I was counted among these, Il.3.188.
b so, but not freq., after Hom.,

λ. ποντιᾶν ψάφων ἀριθμόν Pi.O.13.46

, cf. A.Ag.570;

καθ' ἓν ἕκαστον λ. Isoc.2.45

; also καὶ σὲ δ' ἐν τούτοις λέγω count you among . . ,
A.Pr.973; λ. τινὰ οὐδαμοῦ count him as naught, S.Ant.183; κέρδος λ., εἰ . . count it gain, that . . , ib.462:—[voice] Med., λέξατο πάντας [ναύτας] Pi.P.4.189:—[voice] Pass.,

λέγεσθαι ἐν τοῖς ἱππικωτάτοις X.Oec.11.20

;

ἐνὶ πρώτῃσι λέγεσθαι Call.Del.16

: [tense] fut. [voice] Med. in pass. sense,

ἐν τοῖς οὐκέτ' οὖσι λέξομαι E.

l.c.
2 recount, tell over,

οὔ τι διαπρήξαιμι λέγων ἐμὰ κήδεα Od.14.197

;

σὺ δέ μοι λέγε θέσκελα ἔργα 11.374

;

τὰ ἕκαστα λέγων 12.165

; ὅσα τ' αὐτὸς . . ἐμόγησε, πάντ' ἔλεγ' 23.308: so in Trag., λ. τύχας, πάθη, μόχθους, etc., A.Pr.633, Pers.292, Ag.555, etc.; also Ἀγαμέμνονι . . λέγ' ὀνείδεα repeated reproaches against him, Il.2.222; so perh.

ψεύδεα πολλὰ λ. Hes.Th.27

(but v. infr. 111):—[voice] Med., τί σε χρὴ ταῦτα λέγεσθαι; why need'st thou tell the tale thereof? Il.13.275; and so, μηκέτι ταῦτα λεγώμεθα νηπύτιοι ὥς ib.292, cf. Od.3.240, 13.296;

μηκέτι νῦν δήθ' αὖθι λεγώμεθα Il.2.435

.
III say, speak, first in Hes.Th.27 (v. supr.11.2): [tense] fut.

λέξω Emp.38.1

, A.Ag.859, Hdt.4.14, Th.2.48, Antipho 6.33, etc.: [tense] aor.

ἔλεξα Anacr.45

, Pl.Sph.217e, Antipho 1.15 (rare in Pl. and the Orators, common in some dialects, as Boeotian, IG7.504.2 ([place name] Tanagra), Thessalian, ib.9(2).461.21, Ionic, v.l. in Hp.Aër. 12): [tense] pf.

λέλεχα Gal.16.249

, λέλεγα and

λέλογας Hsch.

(εἴρηκα in correct writers):—[voice] Pass., [tense] fut.

λεχθήσομαι Th.5.86

, Pl.Ti.67c, etc.: also [tense] fut. [voice] Med. in pass. sense, S.OC1186, E.Hec.906 (lyr.), etc.; and

λελέξομαι Th.3.53

(v.l. λέξεται), Pl.R.457b: [tense] aor. ἐλέχθην (never ἐλέγην in this sense) S.OT1442, Th.6.32, etc.: [tense] pf.

λέλεγμαι Pi.N.8.20

, Hdt.2.21, S.Ph.389, etc. (εἴλεγμαι in this sense only in compd. δι-): rare in compds. (only ἀντιλέγω, ἐπιλέγω, καταλέγω, προλέγω), the [tense] pres. in most compds. being supplied by ἀγορεύω, the [tense] fut. by ἐρῶ, the [tense] aor. by εἶπον, the [tense] pf. by εἴρηκα:
1 say, speak, never in Hom., first in Hes. l.c., freq. from Hdt. and Trag. downwds.; of all kinds of oral communications,

ἐκέλευε λέγειν εἴ τι θέλοι Hdt.8.58

; so λέγοις ἄν speak, say on, Pl.Plt.268e, etc.;

λ. μῦθον A.Pers.698

(troch.);

ψευδῆ λ. Id.Ag. 625

;

ἀληθῆ λ. Pl.Phlb.12b

(so in [voice] Pass.,

λόγος λέλεκται πᾶς S.Ph.389

); of oracles, say, declare, Hdt.8.136; ὥσπερ τοὔνομα λέγει indicates, Pl. Prt.312c: with Preps.,

λ. ἀμφί τινος A.Th.1017

, E.Hec.580;

περί τινος Xenoph.34.2

, Democr.165, S.Aj.151 (anap.), Th.2.48; ὑπέρ τινος in his defence, S.El.555, X.HG1.7.16; κατά τινος against him, Thgn.1240a, X.HG1.5.2; λ. ἐπί τισι εὐχὰς ἀγαθάς express good wishes for them, A.Supp.625 (anap.); λ. τά τινος take his part, D.8.64; λ. πρός τι in reference or in answer to . . , S.Ant.753, etc.;

εἴς τι X.Mem. 1.5.1

.
2 c. acc. et inf., say that . . , Pi.P.2.59, etc.: with neg. οὐ, Pl.R.348c, etc., but μή ib.346e, X.Smp.4.5 ([voice] Pass.), and usu. in later Gr., LXX Ge.38.22;

λ. μὴ εἶναι ἀνάστασιν Ev.Matt.22.23

: freq. also folld. by ὡς, ὅτι (generally so in the [voice] Act. voice) when the subject of the relative clause may become the object of the principal Verb, γυναῖκα λέγουσιν, ὡς κάθηται . . X.Cyr.7.3.5, etc.: rarely c. part., λ. Οἰδίπουν ὀλωλότα speak of him as dead,
S.OC1580;

λέγουσιν ἡμᾶς ὡς ὀλωλότας A.Ag.672

;

λέξασ' ἀδελφῷ σ' ἐνθάδ' ὄντα E.Hel.888

:—[voice] Pass.,

λέξεται ἔχων Id.IT1047

, cf. A.Ag.170 (cj.).
3 λέγειν τινά τι say something of another, esp. κακὰ λ. τινά speak ill of him, revile him, Hdt.8.61;

ἀγαθὰ λ. τινάς Ar.Ec.435

; τὰ ἔσχατα, τὰ ἀπόρρητα λ. ἀλλήλους, X.Mem.2.2.9, D.18.123; also εὖ or κακῶς λ. τινά, A.Ag.445 (lyr.), S.El.524, cf. 1028;

εὖ λ. τὸν εὖ λέγοντα X.Mem.2.3.8

.
4 call by name,

ἃς τρέμομεν λ. S.OC128

(lyr.): c. dupl. acc., call so and so,

λέγοιμ' ἂν ἄνδρα τόνδε τῶν σταθμῶν κύνα A.Ag.896

, cf. S.OC939 codd., Hdt.1.32, etc.
5 λ. τινὰ ποιεῖν τι tell, command one to do, A.Ch. 553, S.Ph.101, X.Cyr.4.1.22, etc.: so with τινι, S.OC840, D.19.150 (no obj. expressed in A.Ag.925, S.OC856); λέγε τὸν ἐρωτῶντα ἵνα . . εἴπῃ σοι . . Astramps.Orac.p.1 H.;

ὡς ὁ νόμος λέγει D.22.20

;

ὁ λέγων μὴ μοιχεύειν Ep.Rom.2.22

.
6 λ. τι say something, i.e. speak to the point or purpose, βούλῃ λέγειν τι, καὶ λέγων μηδὲν κλύειν; S.Ant. 757; λέγω τι; am I right? the answer being λέγεις, Id.OT1475;

κινδυνεύεις τι λέγειν Pl.Cra.404a

;

ἴσως ἄν τι λέγοις X.Mem.2.1.12

, cf. Cyr.1.4.20; opp. οὐδὲν λέγει has no meaning, no authority,

οὐδὲν λ. τὸ σωφρόνως τραφῆναι Ar.Eq.334

, cf. V.75; οὐδὲν λέγεις nonsense! Id.Th.625; but οὐδὲν λέγειν, also, say what is not, lie, Id.Av.66, Pl. Ap.30b; also εὖ γε λέγεις, εὖ λέγεις, εὖ ἂν λέγοις, good news!, that is well!, ib.24e, Grg.447b, Prt.310b; καλῶς, ὀρθῶς λ., you are right, X. Mem.3.3.4, 3.6.8; κοὔπω λέγω and what is more, Herod.7.44; τί λέγεις; τὸν ἔποπα παῖ καλεῖς; Ar.Av.57, cf. Ec.298 (lyr.).
7 pleon.,

ἔφη λέγων Hdt.3.156

, 5.36;

ἔλεγε φάς Id.1.122

;

ἔφασκε λέγων Ar.Av. 472

;

ἦ δ' ὃς λέγων Id.V.795

;

ὡς ἔφη λέγων S.Aj.757

;

καὶ λέγων εἶπεν οὕτω πως D.8.74

, etc.
8 at the beginning of letters or documents, Ἄμασις Πολυκράτεϊ ὧδε λέγει . . , Μαρδόνιος τάδε λέγει . . , etc., Hdt.3.40, 8.140. ά, etc.;

τὰ γράμματα ἔλεγε τάδε Id.1.124

, etc.; γράμμασι λέγον τάδε, of an inscription, Th.6.54: in roman edicts,

Μάρκος Μέττιος Ῥοῦφος . . λέγει POxy.237 viii 28

(i A.D.).
9 wish to say, mean,

οὔτοι γυναῖκας ἀλλὰ Γοργόνας λέγω A.Eu.48

; τί τοῦτο λέγει, πρὸ Πύλοιο; what does

πρὸ Πύλοιο

mean?

Ar.Eq.1059

, cf. 1021, 1375, Ec.989, Pl. Phd.60e: freq. in Platonic dialogue, πῶς λέγεις; how do you mean? in what sense do you say this? Ap.24e, al.; ἢ πῶς λέγομεν; or what do we mean to say? Grg.480b; πῶς δὴ οὖν αὐτὸ λέγεις; Phdr.265c; ποῖόν τί ποτε ἄρα λέγοντ ές φασι . . what they can possibly mean by saying . . , Tht.181c, al.: c. dupl. acc.,

τοιοῦτόν τι σὲ λέγειν τὸ κρεῖττον Grg.489d

, al.: freq. (esp. in Trag.) to explain more fully, εἴσω κομίζου καὶ σύ, Κασάνδραν λέγω you, I mean Cassandra, A.Ag.1035;

ὁ μάντις, υἱὸν Οἰκλέους λ. Id.Th.609

, cf. 658 (v.l.), Pr.946;

ποταμός, Ἀχελῷον λέγω S.Tr.9

, cf. 1220, Ph.1261, E.Ph.987; ἐμὲ λέγων meaning me, Isoc.12.215;

τὸ δ' ὑμεῖς ὅταν λέγω, τὴν πόλιν λ. D.18.88

: sts., however, the word after λέγω is put in appos. with the word to be expld.,

Ἀντικλείας . . , τῆς σῆς λέγω τοι μητρός A.Fr.175

, cf. Th.658 cod. M;

περὶ τῶνδε . . , λέγω δὲ Φωκέων D.19.152

;

παρ' ὧν . . , τούτων τῶν τὴν Ἀσίαν οἰκούντων λέγω Id.8.24

, cf. Pl.Smp.202b: abs.,

μηδενὸς ὄντος ἐν [τῇ χώρᾳ] λέγω D.1.27

.
b περὶ ἃς (sc. ἀπολαύσεις) λέγομεν τὸν σώφρονα in regard to which we use the term 'temperate', Arist.EN1148a5, cf. Pl.Grg. 494b.
10 ὡς λέγουσι as they say, S.Ant.23, etc.;

ὡς λ. μοι Id.OC 1161

:—[voice] Pass., λέγεται it is said, c.acc.et
inf., X.Mem.1.2.30, al.; but also πατρὸς λέγεται γενέσθαι . . Id.Cyr.1.2.1; θανεῖν ἐλέχθη he was said to have been killed, S.OT292; so

λεγόμενον ἐρέω Pi.P.5.108

: τὸ λεγόμενον abs., as the saying goes, Th.7.68, cf. Pl.Grg.447a, Smp. 217e, etc.;

τὸ λ. δὴ τοῦτο Id.Grg.514e

: ὁ λεγόμενος γραῶν ὕθλος the so-called . . , Id.Tht.176b;

οἱ λ. αὐτόνομοι εἶναι X.HG6.3.8

; οἱ λ. ὅτι . . of whom it is said that . . , Id.Cyr.8.6.16.
11 of orators, speak (emphatically),

λέγειν δεινός S.OT545

, X.Cyr.1.5.9, etc.;

λέγειν ἠσκηκότες S.Fr.963

, cf. Eup.95
(v. λαλέω)

; λ. τε καὶ πράσσειν δυνατώτατος Th.1.139

;

οἱ ἐν τῷ πλήθει λέγειν δυνάμενοι Isoc.3.8

, cf. D.19.286; plead one's cause in a court of law, Id.23.78; δίκας λέγειν ὑπέρ τινος speak as an advocate for . . , Din.1.111.
12 boast of, tell of,

τὴν ἑαυτοῦ ῥώμην X.Cyr.1.3.10

; in Poets, sing of,

θέλω λ. Ἀτρείδας Anacreont.23.1

.
13 recite what is written,

λαβὲ τὸ βιβλίον καὶ λέγε Pl.Tht.143c

; and freq. in Oratt., as

λέγε τὸν νόμον D.21.8

and 10, etc.; of lectures,

ἀκούσατέ μου σχόλια λέγοντος Arr.Epict.3.21.6

, cf. 15.8 (the sense of Lat. lego, read, occurs only in the compds. ἀναλέγομαι, ἐπιλέγομαι).
14 say or send word by another, X.An.1.9.25, 7.4.5.
15 maintain as a thesis,

οἱ τὰς ἰδέας λέγοντες Arist. Ph.193b36

, Metaph.1036b14.
16 nominate, Lat. dicere [dictatorem], D.C.Fr.36.26 ([voice] Pass.). (Cf. Lat. lègo, legio, legulus ('olivegatherer').)

Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό). 2014.

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